How Does Age Affect the Release of Equity Calculation?
Equity release is a way to withdraw some of the cash value tied up into your property. While traditionally the only path for a release of equity would be to sell the property, equity release offers a more flexible way to continue living in your home while accessing the cash tied up into the property. This can only be facilitated by receiving advice from a qualified equity release consultant, in conjunction with an equity release provider themselves such as Aviva, Just Retirement, Hodge Lifetime & many more of these niche mortgage lenders.
First an introduction to the types of equity release
There are two types of equity release products – lifetime mortgages and home reversion plans. While lifetime mortgages are loans taken against the value of the property, home reversion involves notionally selling a portion of the property with the lender recovering the proportional value when the house is sold. In all equity release schemes, the lender recovers the money from the sale of property, which happens only after you have died or moved into a care home.
Whether it is a lifetime mortgage or home reversion, the release of equity is basically money that you receive from the lender, and which the lender can recover after the plan ends. How much the lender can afford to lend, at what rate, and whether they can afford to lend at all, depends on the value of the property, the amount of equity that needs to be released, and the expected term of the loan; namely life expectancy.
The feasibility and exact terms of an equity release plan therefore depend on different relevant factors, some of which determine the expected term of the loan or plan. Since most equity release products have no fixed term, and go on until the end of life, or until you move out and into permanent care, it is the health and age of the client that determines the expected term of the equity release plan. The age of the applicant is therefore an important factor that significantly affects the release of equity.
Relationship between age & release size
Typically, the longer the term of the loan, the more the risks are for the lender in that the loan will compound over a longer duration. As there are many variables built into life expectancy, the lender does take the risk that: –
- House prices may remain static, even fall over the term of the mortgage
- The equity release loan interest will accrue for longer than the average life expectancy
- The health of the individual will be good, thus leading to prolonged longevity
- Condition of the house may deteriorate, leading to un-saleability
All these factors place a greater strain on the insurance policy that equity release lenders have on these loans – the no negative equity guarantee. They actuarially calculate the average life expectancy and then pitch their loan-to-values in accordance with this data. They will win on some cases, but lose on others & this is all factored into the no negative equity guarantee insurance policy. The danger for lenders in hoping they do not need to use this insurance policy, lie with the outside factors mentioned above that could seriously affect these chttp://www.equityreleasecalculator.net/wp-admin/post.php?post=46&action=editalculations.
Therefore the younger the applicant, the higher the risks, and the older the applicant, the fewer the risks involved for the equity release provider. This is why the older one is, the bigger the release of equity can be offered by these lenders. Hence, when considering a release of equity, do your sums first and always obtain a Key Facts Illustration from your equity release adviser. This will detail the exact amount, year-on-year, how much the balance will reach in the future. A useful piece of data for considering what the final balance may be, albeit guessing the length of the term can be an unnerving experience!
The minimum age for most lifetime mortgage products is 55 years, and generally speaking, the further away you are from this age, the more you can borrow. In fact, if you are aged 55, currently the maximum lifetime mortgage scheme will allow is 20.5%. This will steadily rise as one gets older and as a rule of thumb will be 1% each year you get older. Most equity release companies allow maximum release of equity only for older clients upto approx. age 90+ with an overall maximum release from any lender of 55%.
However, home reversion plans do not commence until age 65, some 10 years later. The calculation for the size of a home reversion release is based again on age, but also the sex of the individual(s). The reversion provider will receive a proportion of the house value in exchange for a tax-free cash lump sum to the homeowner.
The difference between the home reversion scheme and lifetime mortgage is that with a home reversion you can sell 100% of the value of the property, the converse relationship exists with a lifetime mortgage. However, even selling 100% of the property doesn’t mean you receive 100% of its value. This will usually be half of the equivalent percentage sold. Thus if you sold 100%, you are likely to receive around 50% of the value. Again, like a lifetime mortgage, the older you are, the greater the percentage over & above this 50% figure you will receive.
All these examples based on age, property value & health can be inputted into a good equity release calculator to provide the results you require in order to complete your equity release research.
If unsure call 0800 471 4796 to speak to a qualified independent equity release adviser who can provide guidance on the best schemes available.